What is Cataract?
Cataract occurs when the lens of an eye becomes cloudy or opaque, severely diminishing someone’s capacity to see. It’s very common among an ageing population, with the prevalence of cataracts rising from 2.5% for people in their 40’s to 99% for people in their 90’s. Cataracts are the result of a person’s lenses becoming stiffer with age. This condition allows less light to pass through, limiting and scattering the light reaching the retina.
As cataracts progress, the clarity of vision is significantly reduced, with the possibility of the condition reaching a point where neither glasses or contact lenses can help.
How is Cataract treated?
Cataract surgery has developed into one of the most advanced and reliable eye surgery practices available. It involves removing the natural, ageing lens and replacing it with an artificial lens known as an Intraocular lens (IOL) that allows light through to reach the retina. Treatment approach involves breaking up the lens with an ultrasonic probe and gently sucking out the fragments.
The clear IOL is inserted through the incision so that it occupies the same space as the natural lens. The IOL will unfold, filling the remaining lens capsule. The surgeon will then close the incision, and a protective shield is placed over the top of the eye to keep it safe during the initial healing stages post-surgery. Cataract is a day surgery procedure meaning you’ll be able to go home the same day the cataract surgery takes place. It usually takes about 15-20 minutes per eye.
A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens within the eye. Someone who is developing cataracts will have one or more of the following :
It usually takes about 15-20 minutes per eye. You will be at our day theatre for approximately 3 hours in total, as it requires time to prepare you for the procedure as well as to ensure that you are fit to leave once the our team have finished treating you.
The cataract procedure is performed in an accredited day theatre; it does not require an overnight stay. You may return home once you feel fit to leave and our team is confident that you’ll be ok.
The majority of patients feel no pain. A local anaesthetic is used to relax patients without putting them to sleep, and a guard is used to help keep the eyelids open during the procedure.
No medical procedure is without risk. However, at Sardana Eye Institute, we implement the highest grades of aseptic technique taking all the necessary precautions. The benefits and risks are discussed upon your consultation.
You will be required not to drive for a minimum of 24 hours after the procedure. We advise that you arrange for someone to drive you home after your procedure. Upon examination the day after your treatment, you will be given a better indication as to when it will be safe to drive. Most patients find they are ok to drive after the first 24 hours have passed.
It is not advisable to fly on a plane for a minimum of 24 hours following your procedure. It is preferable that you stay in the country within the first 2 weeks post-operatively.